Arminian Today

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Posts Tagged ‘High Priest

The Levites: Picture of the NT Saint (Part One)

I have been reading through the Old Testament in my devotional reading and recently went through Deuteronomy.  I was struck by the Levites.  These Jews were selected by God Himself to serve Him in His holy place (Deuteronomy 10:8).  In fact, Yahweh said about the Levites in Numbers 3:12-13 (NKJV):

12 “Now behold, I Myself have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of every firstborn who opens the womb among the children of Israel. Therefore the Levites shall be Mine, 13 because all the firstborn are Mine. On the day that I struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I sanctified to Myself all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast. They shall be Mine: I am the Lord.”

God claimed the Levites for His own.  They were to serve Him and He was to be their portion in the land.  While the other Israelites were to settle into the land of promise and obtain cities and farmland, the Levites, even among their fellow Jews, were to be consecrated unto the Lord.  Outsiders were not allowed into the Lord’s presence (Numbers 3:10) and God was to be the Levites reward for their sanctification.  Numbers 18:20 (NKJV) reads:

Then the Lord said to Aaron: “You shall have no inheritance in their land, nor shall you have any portion among them; I am your portion and your inheritance among the children of Israel.

Joshua, after dividing up the land for the Israelites, proclaimed in Joshua 13:33 (NKJV):

But to the tribe of Levi Moses had given no inheritance; the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as He had said to them.

The Open Study Bible gives the following information about the Levites.  Their duties were:

  • Serve the LORD (Deut. 10:8)
  • Serve the priesthood (Num. 3:5-9)
  • Attend the sanctuary duties (Num. 18:3)
  • Distribute the tithe (2 Chronicles 31:11-19)
  • Prepare sacrifices for priests (2 Chronicles 35:10-14)
  • Teach the people (2 Chronicles 17:8-11)
  • Declare the verdicts of Law (Deut. 17:9-11)
  • Protect the king (2 Chronicles 23:2-10)
  • Perform music (1 Chronicles 25:1-7)
  • Precede the army (2 Chronicles 20:19-21, 28)

The Levites were chosen by God’s sovereign choice (Numbers 17:7-11).

As New Testament disciples, we no longer have a special group of people who are priests unto the Lord while we laity are not.  God no longer has a priesthood other than the fact that Jesus Christ is our faithful high priest (Hebrews 4:14).  Jesus stands before a holy God for us and He makes intercession for us (Hebrews 4:15; 7:25).  Jesus rises even above the Levitical priesthood for two main reasons.  First, unlike the Levites, Jesus was absolutely perfect and holy (2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15).  Jesus died for us and He didn’t need any blood shed for His forgiveness before God because He never sinned.  Jesus lived a perfect life under the Law and He fulfilled the Law for us (Galatians 3:13-14).  Hebrews 7:24-28 (NKJV) is powerful at this point:

24 But He, because He continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood. 25 Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.

26 For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; 27 who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests men who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, appoints the Son who has been perfected forever.

Notice that the writer of Hebrews makes it clear that the human priests (other than Jesus) have to offer sacrifices for their own sins but not so with Christ.  He was perfect before God and He was able to fulfill Isaiah 53:4-6 and offer Himself to God for our sins.

Secondly, Hebrews 7:4-10 speaks of the Melchizedek priesthood which Jesus fulfilled.  The writer of Hebrews shows that the Melchizedek priesthood was superior to the Levitical priesthood in the foreshadowing of Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18-20).  Hebrews 7:11-24 speaks of the failure of the Levitical priesthood in that it featured a sinful priest and the priest died but not so with Jesus on either points.  Jesus was perfect and He lives forever (Hebrews 7:21).  Because Jesus lives forever, He is able to make intercession for us forever (Romans 8:34).

While the Levites in the Old Testament were sanctified by God to serve Him, the Lord Jesus was chosen by God to serve Him (1 Peter 1:20).  The writer of Hebrews repeats this over and over again citing Psalm 110:4 four times in the book of Hebrews to stress that the Lord Jesus was chosen by God to serve Him as our faithful high priest.  We now no longer look to earthly priests or temples or holy places or to animal sacrifices for our salvation but we look to our faithful high priest who has done the work of redemption for us.  When Jesus uttered “It is finished” in John 19:30, He was saying that the work of redemption was complete.  The perfect Lamb of God had given His life as a ransom for many (Mark 10:45).  At that very moment, all earthly priests were now done.  Jesus and only Jesus would now be our faithful high priest.

Next we will look at how, through Christ, we are now priests unto God.  All of us.  There are no special priests in the kingdom of God.  There is only Jesus our Savior and faithful high priest who lives to make intercession for the saints of God and there are priests in His house who serve Him.  While we all have different gifts (1 Corinthians 12:7), all of us are equal before the Lord in terms of service unto Him and in terms of being His priests.  This is the wonder of God’s great salvation that He brought about through Christ alone.

Written by The Seeking Disciple

04/02/2014 at 6:48 PM

He Aids Those Who Are Tempted

We all face temptation.  None of us can escape it.  The Bible says in James 1:14 (NKJV), “But each one is tempted when he is drawn away by his own desires and enticed.”  Our own flesh loves sin and seeks to fulfill its desires which includes any and everything.

The child of God has the blessing of the precious Holy Spirit abiding within us.  He enables us to be holy.  He helps us to overcome sin.  I am convinced that if a Christian sins, we do so because we want to sin.  We have the power to say no to sin (1 Corinthians 10:13; Titus 2:12).  I find noting in the New Testament to suggest that we need to sin or that we must sin.  No doubt those who live in the flesh are not that way (Romans 8:7-8).  Unbelievers walk in the flesh and they sin almost all the time without thought about it (Ephesians 4:17-19) but this is not the case for the disciple of Christ (Ephesians 4:20-32).  We are to imitate Christ (Ephesians 5:1) and this can only come through faithful dependence upon the Holy Spirit.

I was blessed today reading from Hebrews 2:17-18 which reads like this in the New King James Version:

Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted.

I love how that reads.  Notice that Jesus had to become flesh (John 1:14) in order for Him to be able to intercede before the Father on our behalf.  Because He was tempted in every way yet without sin, He is able to help us who are tempted by sin (Hebrews 4:15).  He stands before God the Father and He cries out for us.  He prays that we would be overcomers.  He prays that we would overcome sin.  He prays that we would resist the devil (Hebrews 2:14).  He gives us aid when being tempted.  Yet often I confess that it is much easier to sin than to look to Jesus for aid.  It is very much easier for me to just give in to my flesh or the sinful desire than to fight my flesh in the power of the Spirit.  But this ought not to be.  Jesus provides us aid as we look to Him and He lives to pray for us (Hebrews 7:25).

No matter what our struggle, I am convinced that Jesus came to save us from our sins (Matthew 1:21).  He didn’t come to save us in our sins but from our sins.  He came to set us free (John 8:36; Galatians 5:1).  He came that we might have life (John 10:10) and not be bound by sins.  He gives us aid to help us overcome sin.  We cannot overcome sin in our own power but only in the power and grace of Jesus Christ.  But in Christ, we can be holy (1 Peter 1:15-16).  We can be free from sin.

Written by The Seeking Disciple

12/14/2012 at 4:44 PM

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